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Faiq Ismailov. TRAGEDY OF THE HISTORY: LACHIN

TRAGEDY OF THE HISTORY: LACHIN

Faiq Ismailov


İLachin region is situated in the west of the Azerbaijan Republic and borders with Armenia. The region is a rich territory with its 190 villages and the center and population of 60,000, over 500 historical, cultural and architectural monuments, hundreds of kurgans, castle type monuments that are of big archeological interest, numerous gravestone monuments, steles, figures of rams and horses, stones with mosaic, as well as with its lots natural resources and valuable mineral waters has been under the occupation of the Armenia Republic since May 18th 1992.

The majority of these monuments in this region are related to Caucasian Albania. According to Azeri scholars a number of monuments of Caucasian Albania period in this territory are related to pre-Christian period. Complicated relief of this territory, cruel climate of this region is caused to the building of the bridges on a number of river transitions and in the roads with their impassable places. These bridges are interesting from the point of view archeology. They are mainly one or two arch bridges. These bridges are very reliable and proof.

The list of monuments in Lachin has not been provided on a high standard level, a lot of monuments were not listed due to lack of information concerning their present condition. Therefore the monuments mentioned in the list presented covers 70% of the region. Hereby I mentioned the most known ones:

1. Abdallar (Baylik) village: a bridge on the river Hakari - XVIII century, a stone box - the Iron Age.

2. Zabuch village: Sumukly cemetery Middle Ages, Khallanly cemetery XVI century.

3. The territory of Malibeyli: an ancient cemetery.

4. The territory of Kosalar: Agoglan tower - IX century; an ancient cemetery.

5. Soltanlar village: The Palace of Sultan Hamsa - XVI century, The Palace of Sultan Ahmad - XIV century, an ancient cemetery.

6. Zeyvah village: The Mausoleum of Soltanbaba, The Mausoleum of Sheikh Ahmad, a Mausoleum, and an ancient cemetery.

7. Garishiglar village: a Mosque. Damirovlu temple - XI century.

8. Sadinlar village: The Temple dated XVII century.

9. Hajilar village: An ancient cemetery. The Spring (monument).

10. Vazargun village: a Temple.

11. Gushchu village: Childs tower. The big spring - XV century. Korcha Spring. The little castle of Sadinlar.

12. Mirikend village: a castle. A temple dated XV century. Karbalai Behbudaly spring.

13. Bozlu village: The Cemetery. The Khachin Palace - XV century. The Khachin Stone.

14. Ahmadli village: a temple dated XVII century.

15. Minkendi village: two arch bridge on the river of Minkend. The one arch bridge on the territory of Abadkheyir. The Temple - XV century.

16. Sheylanli village: One arch bridge.

17. Garagohl village: a mosque and a cemetery.

18. Hochaz village: The Cave Temple. The Temple.

19. Soyugbulag village: a Spring (monument) and a temple.

20. Zabukh village: a bridge (Destroyed in 1988 by Armenians).

21. Gulabird village: The mausoleum temple. Maiden grave monument. A Kurgan (The Iron Age). An ancient cemetery (Middle Ages). The grave of Sari Ashig (a medieval singer, a master of Azeri bayati).

22. Jijimly village. The mausoleum of Malik Ajhdar - XIV century. The Temple XVII-XVIII centuries. An ancient cemetery.

23. Malkhalaf village: The Temple of Khalif - XVII century. An ancient cemetery. The Broken Bridge.

24. Ashaghi Farajan village: a temple, a bridge (on the road Farajan - Gulabird). An ancient cemetery - X century.

25. Sus village: The Spring - XVII century.

26. Seyidlar village: The One arch Bridge. The Ancient Bride. The Spring - XVII century. The Bridge on the river of Pirchanchay.

27. Pirjan village: The Spring - XVII century. The castle of Govur - XI century.

28. Korchabulag village: The Temple.

29. Ziyirikh village: Kurgans in the forest of  Alyan - The Iron Age.

30. Arikli village: Garasaggal temple - XVI century. The Temple in Arakhish - XVI century. An ancient cemetery.

31. Pichanis village: a Temple.

32. Shalvan village: a Temple.

33. Gorchu village: three Temples.

I apply to the UNESCO with a request on behalf of Lachin inhabitants:

20 percent of Azerbaijani territory is under occupation of the Armenian Republic and there are a lot of historical and cultural monuments in those under occupied territories. Lachin is also under the occupied zone. I appeal for you (UNESCO is meant) to take into consideration and control the historical and cultural monuments listed in the book and in other occupied territories, and prevent those unique monuments from the destruction of Armenian vandals.

Faig Ismayilov.